10 lub hnab looj tes tiv thaiv hauv cov ntsiab lus thiab lawv cov kev tiv thaiv zoo

Lub tes yog qhov tseem ceeb heev ntawm peb lub cev, thiab kev ua haujlwm thiab lub neej tsis tuaj yeem sib cais los ntawm nws. Txij puag thaum peb yug los, txog rau thaum kawg ntawm lub neej, ob txhais tes tau txav mus los tas li. Nws yog ib qho kev txom nyem uas peb feem ntau tsis quav ntsej nws qhov tseem ceeb thiab kev tiv thaiv ntawm peb txhais tes, yog li nyob rau hauv kev lag luam niaj hnub, kev raug mob ntawm tes tau nce ntau, thiab kev raug mob ntawm tes tau raug mob ntawm kev raug mob ntawm tes hauv ntau hom kev ua haujlwm raug mob 20%. Qhov no yog cov ntaub ntawv muaj ceeb, yog li txoj kev xaiv kom raug thiab kev siv hnab looj tes tiv thaiv yog qhov tsim nyog heev.

 

Kev raug mob ntawm txhais tes ib txwm tuaj yeem raug faib ua peb pawg, uas yog kev raug mob rau lub cev, raug mob rau tshuaj lom neeg thiab kev raug mob lom.

① Kev raug mob rau lub cev yog los ntawm qhov hluav taws kub, siab kub, ntsuas kub tsawg, hluav taws xob, hluav taws xob, ionizing hluav taws xob, hluav taws xob thiab lub tshuab hluav taws xob. Nws muaj kev cuam tshuam zoo rau cov pob txha, cov leeg, cov nqaij thiab lub tsev, cov ntiv tes loj, pob txha lov thiab ntiv tes dawb, thiab lwm yam.

② Kev siv tshuaj lom neeg yog kev puas tsuaj rau ntawm daim tawv nqaij ntawm txhais tes los ntawm cov tshuaj lom neeg, feem ntau vim yog ntev ntawm cov acids thiab alkalis, xws li tshuaj ntxuav tes, tshuaj tua kab mob, thiab lwm yam, thiab raug rau qee cov tshuaj lom neeg lom.

Injury Kev raug mob lom yog qhov yooj yim to taub, qhov pib nws yog qhov kis mob hauv zos los ntawm kev lom tsiaj.

 

Yuav ua li cas kom zam kev raug mob rau sab tes no yog siv hnab looj tes tiv thaiv kom raug thiab siv nyog hauv kev ua haujlwm. Tam sim no piav qhia txhua yam 10 hnab looj tes tiv thaiv los pab koj xaiv cov hnab looj tes raug.

Thawj hom: cov hnab looj tes thaiv

Cov hnab looj tes insulated siv rau kev ua haujlwm nyob. Ntawm qhov AC voltage ntawm 10 kV lossis sib phim DC khoom siv hluav taws xob, kev hnav cov hnab looj tes muaj peev xwm ua tau hluav taws xob rwb thaiv tsev ua haujlwm. Raws li lub hnab looj ntsej muag insulating, nws yuav tsum muaj cov yam ntxwv rwb thaiv tsev zoo, thiab lub zog tensile, elongation thaum tawg, tiv thaiv lub zog, kev laus tiv taus, tsis kam tiv taus kub thiab nplaim hluav taws kuj zoo tag nrho. Cov tsos thiab thev naus laus zis ntawm cov hnab looj tes yuav tsum ua tau raws li qhov yuav tsum tau ua ntawm "General Technical Conditions rau Insulated hnab looj tes rau kev ua haujlwm nyob", thiab kev tsim khoom nruj tuaj yeem ua tiav qhov kev tiv thaiv uas muaj peev xwm tiv thaiv kom tsis txhob tuag vim hluav taws xob hluav taws xob siab.

 

Qhov thib ob hom: txiav cov hnab looj tes tiv thaiv

Txiav cov hnab looj tes tiv thaiv cov khoom siv feem ntau hauv kev lag luam xws li kev lag luam hlau, tshuab ua haujlwm, kev lag luam cycling, kev lag luam iav thiab steel phaj kev lag luam los tiv thaiv cov khoom ntse los ntawm kev nkaug lossis txiav tes. Nws tsuas yog siv cov tshuaj fiber ntau thiab lwm yam muaj zog fiber ntau textile ntau lawm, tam sim no feem ntau siv yog Asmeskas tuam txhab DuPont Kevlar cov khoom. Kevlar khoom yog ib hom ntawm aramid fiber. Cov hnab looj tes txiav-ua los ntawm nws yog softer dua li cov khoom siv tawv, thiab muaj qhov ua tau zoo dua tshav kub, tiv thaiv hluav taws, txiav tsis kam thiab hnav tsis kam. Kevlar khoom kuj yog cov khoom siv dav dav rau lub cev ris tsho ua rog, thiab nws cov kev ua haujlwm tiv thaiv yog qhov kev ntseeg tau.

 

Qhov thib peb hom: siab kub tiv taus nplaim retardant hnab looj tes

Cov tiv thaiv kub zoo nplaim taws rov qab cov hnab looj tes nws yog cov hnab looj tes tiv thaiv siv nyob rau hauv qhov chaw sov, uas feem ntau siv nyob rau hauv smelting rauv taws ua ntej cov neeg ua haujlwm lossis lwm hom cub tawg. Nws muaj peb hom, ib qho yog nplaim taws retardant canvas li cov hnab looj tes ntaub, thiab hauv nruab nrab yog txoj kab nrog polyurethane ua lub txheej kub rwb thaiv tsev; lwm qhov yog ua los ntawm cov khoom siv asbestos li txheej txheej rwb thaiv tsev kub, thiab sab nraud yog ua los ntawm nplaim hluav taws retardant npuag li cov ntaub; thaum kawg Ib qho yog txau hlau rau saum npoo ntawm hnab looj tes tawv, tuaj yeem tiv taus qhov kub thiab nplaim taws sai sai thiab tseem tuaj yeem ua hluav taws xob thaum tshav kub. Cov qhov kub tiv thaiv cov nplaim hluavtaws rov qab cov hnab looj tes muaj nyob rau peb qhov ntau thiab tsawg, loj, nruab nrab thiab me, uas tau muab faib ua ob-ntiv tes hom thiab tsib-ntiv tes hom.

 

Plaub: hnab looj tes tiv thaiv zoo li qub

Cov hnab looj tes los tiv thaiv zoo li qub feem ntau yog tsim los ntawm cov khoom siv xov uas muaj cov ntaub ua xaim, thiab nws kuj tuaj yeem ua cov xov paj ntev ntev fiber ntau elastic. Qhov thib ob ntawm cov hnab looj tes xav tau txuas nrog polyurethane cob rau ntawm ntu xib teg, lossis nrog polyurethane cob rau ntawm ntu ntiv tes los yog nrog txheej txheej polyethylene rau ntawm cov hnab looj tes. Cov hnab looj tes ua los ntawm cov ntaub qhwv ntsej muag tuaj yeem nrawm tawm cov hluav taws xob zoo li qub ntawm tes. Qhov thib ob hom hnab looj tes nrog polyurethane lossis polyethylene txheej yog qhov tsis yooj yim los tsim cov hmoov av thiab hluav taws xob zoo li qub. Cov hnab looj tes los tiv thaiv zoo li qub feem ntau siv rau kev tshuaj xyuas khoom, luam ntawv, khoom lag luam hluav taws xob, tsis muaj zog tam sim no, kev sib dhos ntawm cov twj paj nruag thiab kev soj ntsuam kev ua haujlwm ntawm ntau lub tsev tshawb fawb.

 

Thib tsib: Welder hnab looj tes

Welder hnab looj tes nws yog ib qho khoom siv tiv thaiv kom tsis txhob kub, molten hlau lossis txim taws los ntawm hlawv rau hauv tes thaum vuam. Cov tsos uas yuav tsum tau ntawm hnab looj tes welder yog qhov nruj, nrog qhov sib txawv ntawm qib ib-qib thiab qib ob cov khoom lag luam. Cov khoom lag luam ua ntej-yuav tsum tau ua kom lub cev tawv nqaij yuav tsum tsis muaj teeb meem hauv cov tuab tuab, plump, mos thiab ywj. Cov tawv nplaim yog qhov zoo, qhov tsis zoo, ruaj, thiab zoo ib yam xim, tsis muaj roj tsw qab; lub cev tawv tsis muaj elasticity tag nrho, cov tawv nqaij saum npoo yog tuab, thiab xim xim tsaus me ntsis. Qib ob. Welder hnab looj tes feem ntau yog ua los ntawm nyuj, npua tamarin lossis ob-txheej tawv, thiab muab faib ua ob-ntiv tes hom, peb-ntiv tes hom thiab tsib-ntiv tes hom raws qhov sib txawv ntawm cov ntiv tes hom. Welder hnab looj tes qee zaum tuaj yeem siv ua cov hnab looj tes kub tiv thaiv.

 

Thib rau hom: hnab looj tes tiv thaiv kev co

Cov hnab looj tes tiv thaiv kev tiv thaiv yog siv los tiv thaiv kev tuav lub cev ua haujlwm vim los ntawm kev vibration. Hauv kev ua hav zoov, kev tsim kho, tsuas, tsheb thauj mus los thiab lwm cov haujlwm rau cov cuab yeej ua kom muaj zog tsaj xws li saw saws, lub tshuab nqus thiab qhov cuam tshuam rau kev co ntawm cov haujlwm haujlwm - - "kab mob dawb ntiv tes." Cov hnab looj tes no ntxiv qee qhov tuab ntawm cov ua npuas dej, latex thiab cua sib xyaw rau saum xib teg nto kom nqus tau lub vibration. Cov tuab tuab ntawm lub npuag thiab cov ntiv tes xoo, lub tshuab huab cua ntau dua, thiab cov nyhuv damping tau zoo dua, tab sis nws yooj yim rau kev cuam tshuam rau kev khiav haujlwm.

 

Thib xya: acid thiab alkali tiv thaiv hnab looj tes

Cov kua qaub ua kua qaub thiab alkali tuaj yeem muab faib ua cov kua roj hmab kua qaub thiab cov kua nplaum tiv thaiv alkali, cov kua qaub yas thiab alkali tiv thaiv cov hnab looj tes, cov kua nplaum tiv thaiv kua qaub thiab kua txiv alkali tiv thaiv, cov hnab yas tiv thaiv impregnated acid thiab alkali tiv thaiv cov hnab looj tes, thiab lwm yam raws li cov khoom siv. Nws yog ib qho khoom tiv thaiv los tiv thaiv cov kua qaub thiab alkali los ntawm kev raug mob ntawm tes. Cov tsis zoo xws li tshuaj txau, brittleness, nplaum thiab ua puas yog tsis tso cai. Cov khoom lag luam xav tau nruj me ntsis raws li cov kev cai ntawm "Acid (Alkali) Cov hnab looj tes". Lwm cov kua qaub thiab alkali resistant hnab looj tes yuav tsum yog airtight. Nyob rau hauv tej lub siab, tsis muaj cua los tso cai. Cov hnab looj tes tsis muaj dej thaiv thiab hnab looj tes tiv thaiv kab mob tuaj yeem hloov nrog cov kua qaub thiab alkali tiv thaiv cov hnab looj tes, uas kuj muaj cov nyhuv zoo.

 

Yim: hnab looj tes roj tiv taus

Cov hnab looj tes tiv thaiv roj siv los tiv thaiv lub hnab looj tes los ntawm ntau yam kab mob ntawm daim tawv nqaij los ntawm cov khoom siv roj. Cov hnab looj tes no feem ntau yog ua los ntawm cov roj hmab nitrile, chloroprene lossis polyurethane. Qee tus neeg uas nkag siab rau kev txhawb nqa roj thiab roj yuav tsum siv hnab looj tes tiv thaiv roj kom tsis txhob mob dermatitis, mob ntxau, nti tawv nqaij, tawv qhuav, tawv daj thiab hloov ntsia thawv.

 

Thib cuaj: hnab looj tes huv si

Cov hnab looj tes plua plav tuaj yeem tiv thaiv tib neeg hluav taws xob zoo li qub los ua kom cov khoom puas thaum lub sijhawm ua khoom siv, thiab ua los ntawm cov roj hmab ua. Nws tuaj yeem tiv thaiv cov khoom los ntawm kev sib kis thiab cuam tshuam ntawm cov ntiv tes khib nyiab, plua plav, tawm hws thiab roj thaum lub sijhawm kev ua khoom, thiab tiv thaiv cov khoom zoo. Cov hnab looj tes tsis muaj plua plav hauv cov chav huv si yog cov hnab looj tes polyvinyl chloride (PVC).

 

Kaum hom: anti- X -ray hnab looj tes

Cov hnab looj tes Anti-X-looj hnab looj tes yog cov hnab looj tes ua haujlwm los ntawm cov neeg ua haujlwm X -ray, thiab yog ua los ntawm cov roj hmab mos muag uas muaj peev xwm nqus tau lossis ua kom zoo dua X-xim thiab muaj lub cev zoo. Cov neeg ua haujlwm koom nrog X-xaj xaim xav tau vim tias lawv tau xoo hluav taws xob ntau dhau thiab muaj kev phom sij rau tib neeg. X -rays tuaj yeem ua kev puas tsuaj hauv cov qauv ntawm lub cell thiab ua rau tas lub neej puas rau cov caj ces uas tsis yooj yim kho, thiab nws yooj yim rau ntxias mob cancer. Nws muaj qee yam ua rau tib neeg cov ntshav leukocytes, ua rau cov lej txo qis, ua rau lub cev txo qis hauv lub cev, thiab nws yuav yooj yim rau mob.


Lub sij hawm tshaj tawm: Jul-06-2020